Back-up reinforcers are the meaningful objects, privileges, or activities that individuals receive in exchange for their tokens. Examples include food items, toys, extra free time, or outings. The success of a token economy depends on the appeal of the back-up reinforcers.
Another example of tokenism related to some agencies accepting engagement with a small proportion of a community as achieving the community involvement aim.
Examples of a Token Economy To see an example of a token economy, let's take a look at Mrs. Weir's classroom: Mrs. Weir has a token economy set up in her second grade classroom.English Language Learners Definition of tokenism: the practice of doing something (such as hiring a person who belongs to a minority group) only to prevent criticism and give the appearance that people are being treated fairly See the full definition for tokenism in the English Language Learners Dictionary.To call it 'the worst example of tokeninsm' seems a bit OTT. The classic Hollywood approach to avoiding an all white or all male team is to give the senior but actually dull and small role to a.
Additional Questions 1. How can it be used in a real world situation? 2. How is it a weak argument? Example And your friend gives you a pencil and a piece of paper Lets say this is you, And your asking your friend for help on your homework He said he helped you by giving you the.
Hart, R. (1992) Children’s Participation: From Tokenism to Citizenship, Innocenti essays No. 4, UNICEF International Child Development Centre, Florence, Italy. Hart J. (2002a) Participation of Conflict-Affected Children in Humanitarian Action: Learning from Eastern Sri Lanka draft report prepared for CIDA.
Tokenism may cause the following side effects: 1. You will get tired. You will be loved and it will make you tired. You will be asked over and over to read to all-white or mostly-white rooms, to submit to all-white or mostly-white journals, to write in response to this or that political issue, to recommend other writers of color, to explain, the help.
Tokensim. Tokenism refers to the practice of giving a few members of a disenfranchised group special treatment or benefits in order to appear to be free of prejudice. Victims of tokenism are typically treated negatively and perceived as less competent within the group. An example would be a mostly male non-minority workplace who give a few.
How to use tokenism in a sentence. Example sentences with the word tokenism. tokenism example sentences.
One suspects that aesthetic considerations were cynically sacrificed to muddle-headed political expediency and tokenism.: Piecemeal reforms of immigration law are insufficient and smack of tokenism.: Simply electing a few women to assume key political positions is mere tokenism, and should fool no one.: We are allowing our countryside to be destroyed for the sake of environmental tokenism.
Define tokenism. tokenism synonyms, tokenism pronunciation, tokenism translation, English dictionary definition of tokenism. n. 1. The policy of making only a perfunctory effort or symbolic gesture toward the accomplishment of a goal, such as racial integration. 2. The practice of.
Discussion essays are a common form of academic writing. This page gives information on what a discussion essay is and how to structure this type of essay. Some vocabulary for discussion essays is also given, and there is an example discussion essay on the topic of studying overseas.
Definition and synonyms of tokenism from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. This is the British English definition of tokenism.View American English definition of tokenism. Change your default dictionary to American English.
The Sociology of Tokenism. July 10, 2001. After reading Linda's post about the treachery she has experienced from other women, and Elizabeth's about all those happy women at CCRMA, and her positive relationship with CREAM, I thought I might make a few comments about tokenism.
For example, writing a reflective essay for a college course and an academic audience will have slight changes in how the essay is organized from writing a reflective essay for a magazine or a.